News

Stay up to date with all things Xero, accounting & bookkeeping advice, and business guides and tips.

Self-employedBusinessesSmall-Business Cashflow (Loan) schemeLeave Support SchemeShort-term Absence PaymentResurgence Support PaymentsCovid Protection FrameworkFinancial supportRed lightProtection FrameworkLossesGainsMortgageInterestLegislationResidential rentalRentalResurgence SupportResponse PlanFrameworkCovid-19Audit ShieldAnnual returnsRSPWage subsidyUpdateAR specialistDebtor managementBusiness HeadspaceDebtor DaddyIndustry specialistsICNZB Annual AwardsBookkeeperAnnual ICNZB conferenceBookkeeping Business of the YearBookkeeper of the YearLeaderTeam-buildingTeam workEmployment incomeBeneficiary incomeSuperannuation taxFBTPropertySharesTrustsTax obligationsIndividualsTax rateBusiness assetsDepreciationStarting out minimum wageWagesTraining minimum wageAdult minimum wageConProPlantMachineryEquipmentLeaseBuyTenantsPeriodic tenancyNotice periodsTenancyRentTenancy lawOfferingEmpathyChanges10 StepsBetter BusinessMerry ChristmasPivotTop tipsDiversifyOnline MeetingVideoFace-to-faceAgendaTechOnlineMeetingDowntimeAllocateManage timeListsDelegateScheduleProductivityTime ManagementTimeErrorsIRDSupportXAPMental HealthBusiness performanceEquityReportsStatement of Financial PositionDirect CostsReportP&LProfit & Loss StatementBusiness supportMackylaTrusted advisorBusiness advisorGST ReturnFilingHybrid basisInvoice basisPayments basisTurnoverRegisterGSTCelebrateVisualiseBusiness successSmall stepsSuccessfulBookkeeper in a Small Practice AwardNorthlandBookkeepersAwardsCertified BookkeepersICNZBNorthland BookkeepersGoodsSellingBusiness useOfficeRecordsHome OfficeImportanceTeachingSavingMoneyKidsPayment termsBalance sheetDebtCredit controlFreelancingControlCost managementBudgetPlanOutflowInflowCash flow forecastForecastCash flowInvoicing sytemsDebtor softwarePayment servicesPrompt paymentDebtorsIntegrationTrackingQuotingAccurateProcessesJob CostingGrow your businessReturn on investmentAccountantProfit vs CashFinancingMarginsInvoicingSalesProfitEmployment AgreementsACCDomestic violence leaveMinimum wage increaseERA Act 2018ACC LeviesSkillsIndependentEmployeeContractor vs EmployeeHiringContractorsServicesProductsNeedsCustomersTarget marketMarket researchEligibleExpenditureTax incentiveDevelopmentResearchR&DRecord keepingIncomeCashDeductionsTaxGetting startedContractingGoal-settingFinancesLifestylePerformanceVisionGoalsGrowthLiquidity ratiosLiabilitiesAssetsQuick ratiosProfitability ratiosSolvency ratiosRatiosBusiness healthMyIRPay runInland RevenuePAYEEmployeesPayday filingXero payday filingTax invoiceGetting paidContractorFocusConfidentClientsB2BBusiness to businessAcknowledgementAccountabilityActionAcceptanceAwarenessChangePayrollSoftwareSimplifyStreamlining processesCreativeAccounting tipsBusiness taxesLimited companyFinancialLegalBusiness complianceRegulatory requirementsFoundationsComplianceXero integratedPayment methodsCultureTeamSystemsFlexibilityCommunicationTechnologyRemote WorkEntrepreneurialSuccessValueMentorSmall businessInvestmentSuperannuationRetirementContributionsSelf employedSuperSafe onlineHackersCyber-crimeSecureAnti-virusSecurityInternetCloud platformBookkeepingAccounting systemFinanceCloud accountingCloudBusinessAccounting Income MethodProvisional taxAIMDataTasksSpreadsheetsAccountingAccounting SoftwareXero SoftwareExcelReviewSuppliersPaymentsInvoiceOverheadsExpensesPlanningWork-life balanceClaimCharitable organisationsTax returnTax deductionTax creditCharityDonationsBusiness.govt.nzLaw round upLandlordsEmployersBusiness ownersLaw changesCard paymentsOnline paymentsDirect debit paymentsOnline payment servicesAged debtCashflowXero payment servicesAccounting tools menuBusiness menuAccountants and bookkeepersNavigation MenuXero updateHolidaysClosure datesChristmas breakChristmasMy Two Cents AccountingXero AdvisorMy Two CentsXero NavigationXero
TAGS

What is depreciation? And why is it important?

Something we see time and time again when clients have done their own tax returns, or engaged somebody who isn't quite up to the job, is a lack of claiming depreciation. Almost all businesses will have assets, and if you don't claim depreciation against these assets you may be paying more tax than you need to.

Depreciation is what happens when business assets lose value over time.

It’s an all to often forgotten cost of doing business – but it shouldn’t be. Here’s why depreciation is so important:

  • It costs you money - Depreciation accounting involves working out how much value your assets lose each year, so it can be listed as a loss and subtracted from your revenue.
  • It can reduce your tax bill - Because depreciation is a business cost, it can lower your tax bill – so it’s important to know how much value you’re losing each year.
  • It affects the value of your business - If major business assets lose value, the overall value of your business is reduced. Inaccurate tracking could lead to overestimating your business value, which makes it harder to secure finance.

The ins and outs of depreciation

Usually, only long-term or fixed assets can be depreciated, while consumable products aren’t included.

You also need to estimate the item’s lifespan and choose a method to calculate how its value declines over time.

Common methods include:

  • Straight line depreciation: the asset depreciates by the same amount each year, eventually reaching zero value.
  • Diminishing value depreciation: the value declines by a higher percentage in the first few years, then the rate of depreciation slows.
  • Units of production depreciation: the lifespan is calculated by the value delivered, not the time spent using the asset. For example, a business vehicle’s depreciation might be measured in kilometres travelled rather than age.

Accounting for depreciation in your business

When you’re just starting out, calculating depreciation can seem overwhelmingly complex. But, because it can lower your costs and help you track your business value, it’s worth making the effort.

If you’re not sure where to start, get help from the team at My Two Cents.